One of the important ways to realize both qualified and cost-efficient production is to minimize the cost of feeding and feed. For this reason, it is of great importance to prepare rations correctly in the feed sector.
Ingredients containing at least one of the animal’s nutrients, which are taken orally and are not harmful to animals when given in certain amounts are defined as feed. And ration refers to the whole amount of feed taken by the animal during a full day. Balanced ration means that the animals meet all their needs with the feeds they consume during the day. When economic and sustainable animal production is targeted and feed costs are taken into consideration, ration formulation has an important role.
The feed formulation is a process of determining the amount of feed ingredients to be mixed to form a product that meets all the nutrient requirements for the target animal group. Products obtained from farm animals that can receive sufficient amounts of nutrients and have a balanced diet are relatively more qualified and in high amounts. In the fields such as meat, milk and egg production, the costs of feed and feeding within the operating costs also vary considerably. Today, the feed industry has a wide range of options for feed formulation.